Carlos P. Garcia – Eight President
The Vice President of President Ramon Magsaysay, he assumed the presidency upon Magsaysay’s death in a plane crash in 1957.
Garcia won the presidential elections held later that year, but was defeated for re-election in 1961 by his Vice-President, Diosdado Macapagal.
His administration was known for its “Filipino First” policy, which put the interests of the Filipino people above those of foreigners and of the ruling party. Garcia was born in Talibon, Bohol to Policronio Garcia and Ambrosia Polistico (who were both natives of Bangued, Abra).
He is featured as the lone star in the Bohol provincial flag as the only Philippine President produced by the province He assumed the presidency after Ramõn Magsaysay died in a plane crash on March 17, 1957, and was elected later the same year, in the Election 1957, to a full term. During his administration, he acted on the Bohlen-Serrano Agreement which shortened the lease of the US Bases from 99 years to 25 years and made it renewable after every five years.
He also exercised the Filipino First Policy, for which he was known.
This policy heavily favored Filipino businessmen over foreign investors.
He was also responsible for changes in retail trade which greatly affected the Chinese businessmen in the country.
He also made a program focused on thriftiness.
At the end of his second term, he ran for re-election in the Election 1961 in November 1961, but was defeated by Diosdado Macapagal, who served as Vice-President under him, but belonged to the opposing Liberal Party in the Philippines the President and the Vice-President are elected separately.